Health care refers to services provided by medical professionals aimed at promoting physical and mental welfare, through the prevention, treatment, and management of illness. This includes care by the medical and allied health professionals, curative care for acute conditions, management of chronic disease, rehabilitation, and palliative care. (See Encyclopedia of Governance).
The US debate over health care centers on how Americans pay for medical coverage. Supporters of government-funded system argue that universal coverage saves lives and promotes public health, thus helps with economic productivity in the long run. Opponents believe that eliminating free market means loss of competition and decrease of care quality, plus possibilities of doctor shortage and tax increase.