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#History

A guide to history resources in support of the classes at LSC-University Park.

Chicago Style

History traditionally uses the Chicago Manual of Style formatting for papers and references. Chicago Style actually offers two methods for citations: author-date looks like the more familiar parenthetical citations used in MLA, while note-bibliography relies on footnotes for in-text citations.

Some instructors may have you use just MLA Style due to its greater familiarity. Be sure to verify which version your professor wants!

Scholarly Articles from an Online Database

Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): page #, Name of Database OR URL of journal article web page.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, "Article Title," page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): Page range of article. Name of Database OR URL of journal article web page.

Example 1: Database

Full Note:

1.  Valerie Bunce, "Rethinking Recent Democratization: Lessons from the Postcommunist Experience," World Politics 55, no. 2 (2003): 168, Project MUSE.

Concise Note:

2.  Bunce, "Rethinking Recent Democratization," 172.

Bibliography:

Bunce, Valerie. "Rethinking Recent Democratization: Lessons from the Postcommunist Experience." World Politics 55, no. 2 (2003): 167-192. Project MUSE.


Example 2: DOI

Full Note:

1. Kenneth Aitchison, "After the Gold Rush: Global Archeology in 2009," World Archeology 41, no. 4 (2009): 670, https://doi.org/10.1080/00438240903363772.

Concise Note:

2.  Aitchison, "After the Gold Rush," 661.

Bibliography:

Aitchison, Kenneth. "After the Gold Rush: Global Archeology in 2009." World Archeology 41, no. 4 (2009): 659-671. https://doi.org/10.1080/00438240903363772.


Example 3: Website

Full Note:

1. Bernard Testa and Lamont B. Kier, "Emergence and Dissolvence in the Self-Organisation of Complex Systems," Entropy 2, no. 1 (2000): 17, http://www.mdpi.org/entropy/papers/e2010001.pdf.

Concise Note:

2.  Testa and Kier, "Emergence and Dissolvence," 17.

Bibliography:

Testa, Bernard, and Lamont B. Kier. "Emergence and Dissolvence in the Self-Organisation of Complex Systems." Entropy 2, no. 1 (2000): 1-25. http://www.mdpi.org/entropy/papers/e2010001.pdf.

Images (Online or Physical)

Omit the URL for art you've viewed in person.

Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, Image Title, Year, medium, dimensions, physical location, URL.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, Image Title.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. Image Title. Year. Medium, dimensions. Location. URL.

Full Note:

1. Jan Griffier, Dutch Snow Scene with Skaters, c.1695, oil on canvas, 83 x 94 cm, Merchant Adventurers' Hall, York, https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/dutch-snow-scene-with-skaters-10363.

Concise Note:

2. Griffier, Dutch Snow Scene.

Bibliography:

Note: Chicago does not require that you include art in your bibliography, though your professor might!

Griffier, Jan. Dutch Snow Scene with Skaters. c.1695. Oil on canvas, 83 x 94 cm. Merchant Adventurers' Hall. https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/dutch-snow-scene-with-skaters-10363.


Full Note:

1. Pablo Picasso, Bull's Head, spring 1942, bicycle saddle and handlebars, 33.5 x 43.5 x 19 cm, Musée Picasso Paris.

Concise Note:

2. Picasso, Bull's Head.

Bibliography:

Picasso, Pablo. Bull's Head. Spring 1942. Bicycle saddle and handlebars, 33.5 x 43.5 x 19 cm. Musée Picasso Paris.

Full Note:

1. Dorothea Lange, Black Maria, Oakland, 1957, printed 1965, gelatin silver print, 39.3 x 37 cm, Art Institute, Chicago, http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/220174.

Concise Note:

2. Lange, Black Maria, Oakland.

Bibliography:

Lange, Dorothea. Black Maria, Oakland. 1957, printed 1965. Gelatin silver print, 39.3 x 37 cm. Art Institute, Chicago. http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/220174.


Full Note:

1. Steve McCurry, Afghan Girl, December 1984, photograph, National Geographic, cover, June 1985.

Concise Note:

2. McCurry, Afghan Girl.

Bibliography:

McCurry, Steve. Afghan Girl. December 1984. Photograph. National Geographic, cover, June 1985.

Full Note:

1. Lone Star College-University Park Student Learning Resource Center, Collage of library photos profile image, n.d., color image, Citations: Chicago Style, http://upresearch.lonestar.edu/chicago.

Concise Note:

2. Lone Star Collage, Collage.

Bibliography:

Lone Star College-University Park Student Learning Resource Center. Collage of library photos profile image. N.d., color image. Citations: Chicago Style. http://upresearch.lonestar.edu/chicago.