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Citations: Chicago Style (17th ed.)

Guide to formatting and citing using the notes-bibliography format for Chicago Style, 17th. ed.

Scholarly Articles from an Online Database

Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): page #, Name of Database OR URL of journal article web page.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, "Article Title," page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): Page range of article. Name of Database OR URL of journal article web page.

Example 1: Database

Full Note:

1.  Valerie Bunce, "Rethinking Recent Democratization: Lessons from the Postcommunist Experience," World Politics 55, no. 2 (2003): 168, Project MUSE.

Concise Note:

2.  Bunce, "Rethinking Recent Democratization," 172.

Bibliography:

Bunce, Valerie. "Rethinking Recent Democratization: Lessons from the Postcommunist Experience." World Politics 55, no. 2 (2003): 167-192. Project MUSE.


Example 2: DOI

Full Note:

1. Kenneth Aitchison, "After the Gold Rush: Global Archeology in 2009," World Archeology 41, no. 4 (2009): 670, https://doi.org/10.1080/00438240903363772.

Concise Note:

2.  Aitchison, "After the Gold Rush," 661.

Bibliography:

Aitchison, Kenneth. "After the Gold Rush: Global Archeology in 2009." World Archeology 41, no. 4 (2009): 659-671. https://doi.org/10.1080/00438240903363772.


Example 3: Website

Full Note:

1. Bernard Testa and Lamont B. Kier, "Emergence and Dissolvence in the Self-Organisation of Complex Systems," Entropy 2, no. 1 (2000): 17, http://www.mdpi.org/entropy/papers/e2010001.pdf.

Concise Note:

2.  Testa and Kier, "Emergence and Dissolvence," 17.

Bibliography:

Testa, Bernard, and Lamont B. Kier. "Emergence and Dissolvence in the Self-Organisation of Complex Systems." Entropy 2, no. 1 (2000): 1-25. http://www.mdpi.org/entropy/papers/e2010001.pdf.

Website Articles

Websites can often be limited to notes. If not using notes, a bibliographic entry may be included, cited by the owner or sponsor of the site.


Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, "Title of Page," Title or Owner of Site, date last modified or accessed, URL.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, "Title of Page."

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initials. "Title of Page." Title or Owner of Site. Date last modified or accessed. URL.
 

Example 1 (with access date)

Full Note:

1. K. A. Johnson and J. A. Becker, "The Whole Brain Atlas," Harvard University Medical School, accessed April 29, 2011, http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/.

Concise Note:

2. Johnson and Becker, "The Whole Brain Atlas."

Bibliography:

Johnson, K. A., and J. A. Becker. "The Whole Brain Atlas." Harvard University Medical School. Accessed April 29, 2011.  http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/. 


Example 2 (with publication date)

Full Note:

1. Alan Henry, "Why We Get Brain Freezes," Lifehacker, June 11, 2016, http://lifehacker.com/why-we-get-brain-freezes-1781798710.

Concise Note:

2. Henry, "Brain Freezes."

Bibliography:

Henry, Alan. "Why We Get Brain Freezes." Lifehacker. June 11, 2016. http://lifehacker.com/why-we-get-brain-freezes-1781798710.

Full Note:

1. "Apps for Office Sample Pack," Office Dev Center, Microsoft Coporation, updated October 20, 2015, https://code.msdn.microsoft.com/office/Apps-for-Office-code-d04762b7.

Concise Note:

2.  "Apps for Office."

Bibliography:

Microsoft Corporation. "Apps for Office Sample Pack." Office Dev Center. Updated October 20, 2015. https://code.msdn.microsoft.com/office/Apps-for-Office-code-d04762b7.


Full Note:

1. "Diabetes Myths," American Diabetes Association, last modified July 5, 2017, http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/myths.

Concise Note:

2.  "Diabetes Myths."

Bibliography:

American Diabetes Association. "Diabetes Myths." Last modified July 5, 2017. http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/myths.

Magazine Articles

Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, "Article Title," Magazine Title, Month Day, Year, page # OR URL/location.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, "Article Title," page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. "Article Title." Magazine Title, Month Day, Year. URL/location.

Website

Full Note:

1. Scott Borchert, "The Rich, Weird, and Frustrating World of Depression-Era Travel Guides," The Atlantic, June 22, 2021, https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2021/06/new-deal-american-guides-federal-writers-project/619255/.

Concise Note:

2. Borchert, "Travel Guides."

Bibliography:

Borchert, Scott. "The Rich, Weird, and Frustrating World of Depression-Era Travel Guides." The Atlantic, June 22, 2021. https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2021/06/new-deal-american-guides-federal-writers-project/619255/.

Library Database

Full Note:

1. Joan Acocella, "Art Made Flesh," The New Yorker, 97, no. 13 (May 24, 2021): 62, http://search.ebscohost.com.lscsproxy.lonestar.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=a9h&AN=150315830&site=ehost-live.

Concise Note:

2. Acocella, "Art Made Flesh," 65.

Bibliography:

Acocella, Joan. “Art Made Flesh.” The New Yorker 97, no. 13 (May 24, 2021): 60–67. http://search.ebscohost.com.lscsproxy.lonestar.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=a9h&AN=150315830&site=ehost-live.

Full Note:

1. Carol Ezzell, "Care for a Dying Continent," Scientific American, May 2000, 32. 

Concise Note:

2. Ezzell, "Care for a Dying Continent," 32.

Bibliography:

Ezzell, Carol. "Care for a Dying Continent." Scientific American, May 2000.

Newspaper Articles

Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, "Article Title," Newspaper Title, Month Day, Year, page # OR URL/location.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, "Article Title."

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. "Article Title." Newspaper Title, Month Day, Year. URL or Database Name.

Full Note:

1. Alessandra Stanley, “‘Mad Men’ Strains to Stay as Button-Down as Ever,” New York Times, August 13, 2009, https://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/14/arts/television/14mad.html.

Concise Note:

2. Stanley, "'Mad Men.'"

Bibliography:

Stanley, Alessandra. “‘Mad Men’ Strains to Stay as Button-Down as Ever.” New York Times, August 13, 2009. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/14/arts/television/14mad.html.

Full Note:

1. Laurie Goodstein and William Glaberson, "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Rage," New York Times, April 10, 2000, national edition, sec. 1. 

Concise Note:

2. Goodstein and Glaberson, "The Well-Marked Roads."

Bibliography:

Goodstein, Laurie, and William Glaberson. "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Rage." New York Times, April 10, 2000, national edition, sec. 1.
 

Interviews (Written)

Full Note:

1. Interviewee First Name Surname, "Title of Interview Article," interview by Interviewer Name, Publication Title, issue# (date): page#, url/database.

Concise Note:

2. Interviewee Surname, "Short Title," interview, page#.

Bibliography:

Interviewee Surname, First Name. "Title of Interview Article." By Interviewer Name. Publication Title, issue# (date): page range. url/database.

Full Note:

1. Lydia Davis, "The Art of Fiction No. 227," interview by Andrea Aguilar and Johanne Fronth-Nygren, Paris Review, no. 212 (Spring 2015): 172, EBSCOhost.

Concise Note:

2. Davis, "Art of Fiction," interview,  173.

Bibliography:

Davis, Lydia. "The Art of Fiction No. 227." By Andrea Aguilar and Johanne Fronth-Nygren. Paris Review, no. 212 (Spring 2015): 170-178. EBSCOhost.

Full Note:

1. Raymond Bellour, "Alternation, Segmentation, Hypnosis: Interview with Raymond Bellour," interview by Janet Bergstrom, Camera Obscura, nos. 3-4 (Summer 1979): 90.

Concise Note:

2. Bellour, "Alternation," interview,  91.

Bibliography:

Bellour, Raymond. "Alternation, Segmentation, Hypnosis: Interview with Raymond Bellour." By Janet Bergstrom. Camera Obscura, nos. 3-4 (Summer 1979): 89-94.

Reference Entries (Encyclopedias, Dictionaries)

Well-known reference books are generally only cited in notes, not the bibliography.  Full publication information is usually not included, but the edition must be specified.

References to an alphabetically arranged work cite the item preceded by "s.v." (abbreviation of sub verbo, "under the word") instead of a volume or page number.


Full Note:

1. Book Title, Edition, s.v. "Title of Entry."

Concise Note:

2. Book Title, Edition, s.v. "Title of Entry."

Bibliography:

Often omitted.

Full Note:

1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th ed., s.v. "Salvation."

2. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. "preparation."

3. Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 27th ed.,  s.v. "measles."

4. Oxford Online, s.v. "Garcia, Jerry," accessed July 13, 2010, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com.

Concise Note:

Same as full note (which already pretty concise!).

Bibliography:

Often omitted.