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Citations: Chicago Style (17th ed.)

Guide to formatting and citing using the notes-bibliography format for Chicago Style, 17th. ed.

E-Books

E-books are generally referenced in the same way as other books.  The general format provided below refers to a basic one author e-book. 
 
If you are using an e-book that has multiple authors, includes an edition number, etc., please refer to the appropriate section in this guide. Include information on the format or location (i.e. link) of the resource near the end of the citation (including a URL or DOI for the online version of an e-book).



Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, Book Title, edition (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year),  page #, format/location.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, Title, page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. Book Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Format/location.

Example 1: E-book from Database (Paginated Book)

Full Note:

1. Jack Santino, The Hallowed Eve: Dimensions of Culture in a Calendar Festival in Northern Ireland (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998), 69, ProQuest Ebook Central.

Concise Note:

2. Santino, Hallowed Eve, 73.

Bibliography:

Santino, Jack. The Hallowed Eve: Dimensions of Culture in a Calendar Festival in Northern Ireland. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Example 2: Republished in Open Online Collection (no page numbers)

In this case, the book lacks page numbers. Both "letter 2" and "chap. 4" serve as locational information in place of pages. We also document the original publication date, 1817, and the date of this exact version being published on Project Gutenberg.

Full Note:

1. Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus (1817; Project Gutenberg, 1993), letter 2, http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/84.

Concise Note:

2. Shelley, Frankenstein, chap. 4.

Bibliography:

Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. 1817; Project Gutenberg, 1993. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/84.


Example 3: Digitized Book in Open Online Collection

Full Note:

1. Harry Delacombe, The Boys' Book of Airships (New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1909), 50, https://archive.org/details/boysquotbookair00Dela

Concise Note:

2. Delacombe, Airships, 64.

Bibliography:

Delacombe, Harry. The Boys' Book of Airships. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1909. https://archive.org/details/boysquotbookair00Dela

Example 4: E-book with a DOI

Full Note:

1. Mark Evan Bonds, Absolute Music: The History of an Idea (New York: Oxford University Pres, 2014), chap. 3, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343638.00.0004.

Concise Note:

2. Bonds, Absolute Music, chap. 11, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343638.00.0004.

Bibliography:

Bonds, Mark Evan. Absolute Music: The History of an Idea. New York: Oxford University Pres, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343638.00.0004.

Full Note:

1. Kevin R. Johnson, How Did You Get To Be Mexican? A White/Brown Man's Search for Identity (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000), Kindle, chap. 5.

Concise Note:

2. Johnson, White/Brown Man, chap. 7.

Bibliography:

Johnson, Kevin R. How Did You Get To Be Mexican? A White/Brown Man’s Search for Identity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000. Kindle edition.

Print Books

Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, Book Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, Book Title, page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. Book Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

If you are dealing with an editor instead of an author, insert the editor's name in the place where the author's name is now, followed by a comma and the word "ed." without the quotation marks (e.g. John Smith, ed.). If you have more than one editor, use "eds." The rest of the format remains the same.

Example 1: One Author

Full Note:

1. Salman Rushdie, The Ground Beneath Her Feet (New York: Henry Holt, 1999), 25. 

Concise Note:

2. Rushdie, The Ground Beneath, 25. 

Bibliography:

Rushdie, Salman. The Ground Beneath Her Feet. New York: Henry Holt, 1999.

Example 2: Edition Info

Full Note:

1. Daniel Rhodes, Clay and Glazes for the Potter, rev. ed. (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2000), 85.

Concise Note:

2. Rhodes, Clay and Glazes, 120.

Bibliography:

Rhodes, Daniel. Clay and Glazes for the Potter. Rev. ed. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2000.

Example 3: Two Authors

Full Note:

1. Liam P. Unwin and Joseph Galloway, Peace In Ireland (Boston: Stronghope Press, 1990), 139. 

Concise Note:

2. Unwin and Galloway, Peace in Ireland, 220.

Bibliography:

Unwin, Liam P., and Joseph Galloway. Peace in Ireland. Boston: Stronghope Press, 1990. 
 

Example 4: Four or More Authors/Editors

Full Note: 

1. Jeri A. Sechzer et al., eds., Women and Mental Health (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), 243.

Concise Note:

2. Sechzer et al., Women and Mental Health, 245.

Bibliography:

Sechzer, Jeri A., S. M. Pfaffilin, F. L. Denmark, A. Griffin, and S. J. Blumenthal, eds. Women and Mental Health. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
 

Full Note:

1. New York Public Library American History Desk Reference (New York: Macmillan, 1997), 87.

Concise Note:

2. New York Public Library, 87.

Bibliography:

New York Public Library American History Desk Reference. New York: Macmillan, 1997.
 

Print Book, Later Edition

Full Note: 

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, Book Title, edition (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, Book Title, page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name or Initial. Book Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

Full Note:

1. Daniel Rhodes, Clay and Glazes for the Potter, rev. ed. (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2000), 85.

Concise Note:

2. Rhodes, Clay and Glazes, 120.

Bibliography:

Rhodes, Daniel. Clay and Glazes for the Potter. Rev. ed. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2000.

Full Note:

1. Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics, trans. and ed. Rodger Crisp, Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 102.  

Concise Note:

2. Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics, 102.

Bibliography:

Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Translated and edited by Roger Crisp. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Chapter/Article in a Book/Anthology

Full Note:

1. Author First Name Surname, "Title of Chapter or Article," in Book Title, ed. Editor First Name/Initial Surname (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, "Title of Chapter or Article," page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name. "Title of Chapter or Article." In Book Title, edited by Editor First Name Surname, page range of article/chapter. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.


General Format for Multi-Volume Work:

Full Note:

1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, "Title of Chapter or Article," in Book Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Volume #:page #.

Concise Note:

2. Author Surname, "Title of Chapter or Article," Volume #:page #.

Bibliography:

Author Surname, First Name. "Title of Chapter or Article." In Vol. #, Book Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.
 

Full Note:

1. H. F. Arnold, "The Night Wire," in Masterpieces of Terror and the Supernatural, ed. Marvin Kaye, (New York, NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993), 334.

Concise Note:

2. Arnold, "The Night Wire," 347.

Bibliography:

Arnold, H. F. "The Night Wire." In Masterpieces of Terror and the Supernatural, edited by Marvin Kaye, 328-334. New York, NY: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993.

Example of Multi-Volume Work:

Full Note:

1. Mario Creet, "Fleming, Sir Sandford," in Dictionary of Canadian Biography: 1911-1920 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998), 14:359.

Concise Note:

2. Creet, "Fleming, Sir Sandford," 14:359.

Bibliography:

Creet, Mario. "Fleming, Sir Sandford." In Vol. 14, Dictionary of Canadian Biography: 1911-1920. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.
 

Published Letter in a Book

Authored Collection:

Full Note:

1. First Name1 Last Name1 to First Name2 Last Name2, City of Origin, Month DD, YYYY, in Title of Book, by Author Name (City of Publication: Publisher Name, YYYY), pg#.

Concise Note:

2. Last Name1 to First Name2 Last Name2, Month DD, YYYY, pg#.

Bibliography:

Last Name1, First Name1 to First Name2 Last Name 2. City of Origin. Month DD, YYYY. In Title of Book, pg#-pg#. By Author Name. City of Publication: Publisher Name, YYYY.


Edited Collection:

Full Note:

1. First Name1 Last Name1 to First Name2 Last Name2, City of Origin, Month DD, YYYY, in Title of Book, Edited by Editor Name (City of Publication: Publisher Name, YYYY), pg#.

Concise Note:

2. Last Name1 to First Name2 Last Name2, Month DD, YYYY, pg#.

Bibliography:

Last Name1, First Name1 to First Name2 Last Name 2. City of Origin. Month DD, YYYY. In Title of Book, pg#-pg#. Edited by Editor Name. City of Publication: Publisher Name, YYYY.

Example 1: Letter in an Authored Book

Linnell's name is in brackets in the bibliography because the exact name wasn't given in the source (the "Irving N."), only his title, "Consul General."

Full Note:

   1. Consul General Linnell to the Chargé d'Affaires at Berlin, 3 April 1939, in From Prague after Munich, Diplomatic Papers 1938-1940, by George F. Kennan (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968), 107.  

Concise Note:

2. Linnell to the Chargé d'Affaires at Berlin, 3 April 1939, 109.

Bibliography:

[Linnell, Irving N.].  Consul General Linnell to the Chargé d'Affaires at Berlin. 3 April 1939. In From Prague after Munich, Diplomatic Papers 1938-1940, 106-110.  By George F. Kennan.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.


Example 2: Letter in a Published Collection with Editor

Full Note:

1. Adams to Charles Milnes Gaskell, Baden, September 22, 1867, in Letters of Henry Adams, 1858-1891, ed. Worthington Chauncey Ford (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1930), 133-34. 

Concise Note:

2. Adams to Gaskell, London, March 30, 1868, 141.

Bibliography:

Adams, Henry. Letters of Henry Adams, 1858-1891. Edited by Worthington Chauncey Ford. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1930.

Reference Entries (Encyclopedias, Dictionaries)

Well-known reference books are generally only cited in notes, not the bibliography.  Full publication information is usually not included, but the edition must be specified.

References to an alphabetically arranged work cite the item preceded by "s.v." (abbreviation of sub verbo, "under the word") instead of a volume or page number.


Full Note:

1. Book Title, Edition, s.v. "Title of Entry."

Concise Note:

2. Book Title, Edition, s.v. "Title of Entry."

Bibliography:

Often omitted.

Full Note:

1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th ed., s.v. "Salvation."

2. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. "preparation."

3. Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 27th ed.,  s.v. "measles."

4. Oxford Online, s.v. "Garcia, Jerry," accessed July 13, 2010, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com.

Concise Note:

Same as full note (which already pretty concise!).

Bibliography:

Often omitted.