Digital Object Identifier
Enter the DOI number into a DOI resolver to be redirected to the official page for the source.
|Author.||"Title of the Article."||Container,||number,||date,||location|
Author1, FirstName1, and FirstName2 Author2.
Author, FirstName, et al.
|"Title of the Article."||
|vol. X, no. Y,||
Follow the usual MLA rules about authors:
This is the name of the journal, magazine, or website that contains the article.
Include the name of the database through which you found the article, in italics, as the name of a second container. If you went through the library database pages, and especially if you had to enter your barcode number for access, you're probably in a database.
Used for works that are published in a series, most typically. Magazines (and the more scholarly counterpart, journals) are numbered for each time that comes out in each year that it's published.
Abbreviate volume to vol.
Don't label "issue" -- just say no. #.
You can exclude any business labels in the publisher name -- Inc, Ltd, LLC, and so on.
If a publisher is named Something & Someone, write it in your citation as: Something and Someone [bolded for emphasis].
You can abbreviate publisher names like Oxford University Press to Oxford UP. (Unfortunately doesn't work for University of Something Press names...)
Big publishers often have smaller publishers under them (called imprints). In this case, only name the imprint in your citation, as it is the entity that is most directly responsible for putting the book out.
This will be just the year of publication.
If a book has been reprinted and you want to include the original year of publication + the year of your copy:
MLA recommends including the URL or DOI number at the end. If using a URL, especially in a library database, look for a "permalink" option to ensure that the link won't expire in the future.
Massaro, John. "Press Box Propaganda? The Cold War and Sports Illustrated, 1956." Journal of American Culture, vol. 26, no. 3, 2003, pp. 361-70. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=a9h&AN=10351835&site=ehost-live.
Frimer, Jeremy A., and Linda J. Skitka. “Are Politically Diverse Thanksgiving Dinners Shorter than Politically Uniform Ones?” PLoS ONE, vol. 15, no. 10, Oct. 2020, pp. 1–27. EBSCOhost, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239988.
Jackson, Michael, and Paul Lieber. “Countering Disinformation: Are We Our Own Worst Enemy?” The Cyber Defense Review, vol. 5, no. 2, 2020, pp. 45–56. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26923521.
Margolin, Sara J., et al. “E-Readers, Computer Screens, or Paper: Does Reading Comprehension Change Across Media Platforms?” Applied Cognitive Psychology, vol. 27, no. 4, July 2013, pp. 512–519. EBSCOhost, https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.2930.
Note: websites are almost never scholarly, even if they can be reputable. If you've been asked to use scholarly sources for your assignment, a website is unlikely to count.
When you're adding the URL, delete the http:// portion at the beginning.
Hollmichel, Stefanie. "The Reading Brain: Differences Between Digital and Print." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013, somanybooksblog.com/2013/04/25/the-reading-brain-differences-between-digital-and-print.
Steinmetz, Ferrett. "You Don't Need to Feel Guilty About Books You Haven't Read Yet." Tor.com, Macmillan, 3 May 2021, www.tor.com/2021/05/03/stop-feeling-guilty-about-the-books-you-havent-read-yet/.
Farrelly, Elizabeth. "Fear of Not Having Had." Orion, 2008, orionmagazine.org/article/fear-of-not-having-had.
Hitchens, Christopher. "A Breath of Dust." The Atlantic, July-Aug. 2005, www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2005/07/a-breath-of-dust/304066/.
Hitchens, Christopher. "A Breath of Dust." The Atlantic, July-Aug. 2005, pp. 142-46.
Stanley, Alessandra. “‘Mad Men’ Strains to Stay as Button-Down as Ever.” The New York Times, 13 Aug. 2009, nyti.ms/1V0CGfg.
When a print news article spans multiple, non-consecutive pages, just list the first page and a + (plus sign).
Feder, Barnaby J. "For Job Seekers, a Toll-Free Gift of Expert Advice." The New York Times, late ed., 22 Mar. 1994, pp. A1+.
Because these documents are standalone and lengthy, their citation actually mimics a book (or an e-book, to be more precise, because you'll also be including information about the website or repository hosting the manuscript as a second container).
Dusza, Erin M. Epic Significance: Placing Alphonse Mucha's Czech Art in the Context of Pan-Slavism and Czech Nationalism. 2012. Georgia State University, Master's thesis. ScholarWorks @ Georgia State University, scholarworks.gsu.edu/art_design_theses/103/.
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