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Assignment | Argumentative Proposal (Pena): MLA Style & Citations

ENGL 1301 | Prof. E. Pena | Fall 2020

Example Citations

Scholarly Article from the Library Database

Collins, Timothy W., et al. “Environmental Injustice and Flood Risk: A Conceptual Model and Case Comparison of Metropolitan Miami and Houston, USA.” Regional Environmental Change, vol. 18, no. 2, Feb. 2018, pp. 311–323. Sustainability Reference Center, doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1121-9.

McCabe, Donald L., and Linda Klebe Trevino. “Academic Dishonesty: Honor Codes and Other Contextual Influences.” The Journal of Higher Education, vol. 64, no. 5, 1993, pp. 522–538. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2959991.

Tian, YingLi, et al. “Toward a Computer Vision-Based Wayfinding Aid for Blind Persons to Access Unfamiliar Indoor Environments.” Machine Vision & Applications, vol. 24, no. 3, Apr. 2013, pp. 521–535. Academic Search Complete, doi:10.1007/s00138-012-0431-7.

Wurbs, Ralph A. “State-Frequency Analyses for Urban Flood Control Reservoirs.” Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, vol. 7, no. 1, Jan. 2002, p. 35. Sustainability Reference Center, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0699(2002)7:1(35)

 


News Article from the Library Databases

Downs, Ray. “Rhode Island Becomes 4th State to Offer Free Community College Tuition.” UPI Top News, Aug. 2017. Newspaper Source Plus, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=n5h&AN=B92W969746016&site=ehost-live.

Flood, Mary. "Houston's Flood Plains to Become Battlefield in Homeowner Lawsuit." Wall Street Journal, 1 Sept. 1999, pp. T1. ProQuest Major Dailies, search-proquest-com.lscsproxy.lonestar.edu/docview/398720984?accountid=7054.


Documentary

Ice on Fire. Directed by Leila Conners, HBO Documentary Films, 2019. Kanopy, lonestar.kanopy.com/video/ice-fire.

Variations:

"Why Did Houston Flood So Badly?" NOVA PBS, 2017. YouTube, www.youtube.com/watch?v=ePC7R3maJsw.

NOVA PBS. "Why Did Houston Flood So Badly?" YouTube, 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=ePC7R3maJsw.

Instead of Quoting...

✧・゚: *✧・゚:*  PARAPHRASE. *:・゚✧*:・゚✧

Original Text from Source:

A much larger analogue of the asteroid belt, the Kuiper Belt is a cosmic junkyard, full of rubble thought to be left over from the formation of the solar system. But whereas the asteroid belt is made mostly of rock and metal, objects in the Kuiper Belt are composed largely of frozen water, ammonia and methane. Pluto is one such chunk, albeit considerably bigger than average. It was demoted to its present status of dwarf planet in 2006 after astronomers discovered another Kuiper Belt body, called Eris, that is of similar size.

How should you add this information to your paper?

"A much larger analogue of the asteroid belt, the Kuiper Belt is a cosmic junkyard, full of rubble thought to be left over from the formation of the solar system. But whereas the asteroid belt is made mostly of rock and metal, objects in the Kuiper Belt are composed largely of frozen water, ammonia and methane. Pluto is one such chunk, albeit considerably bigger than average. It was demoted to its present status of dwarf planet in 2006 after astronomers discovered another Kuiper Belt body, called Eris, that is of similar size" ("Two Years On").


The Break-down:

  • Too long of a quote for a relatively short paper
  • Doesn't use any original content to introduce the quote or finish up the thought

The Kuiper Belt consists of icy chunks of frozen water, ammonia, and methane believed to be "leftover from the formation of the solar system," much like the rocky field of the asteroid belt ("Two Years On").


The Break-down:

  • Only directly quotes what is needed
  • Original content introduces the quote

Though both the asteroid belt and Kuiper belt are believed to be remnants of the solar system's formation, the Kuiper belt consists mostly of ice rather than rock, including frozen methane and ammonia as well as water ("Two Years On").


The Break-down:

  • The source material is almost completely re-written
  • This would much more easily fit into the organization of my paper.

A bigger version of the asteroid belt, the Kuiper Belt is a cosmic junkyard, full of rubble believed to be left over from the formation of the solar system. But while the asteroid belt is made mostly of rock and metal, objects in the Kuiper Belt are composed largely of frozen water, ammonia and methane.


The Break-down:

  • No citation is given
  • Even if there were a citation, there are no quotation marks around the words repeated verbatim.
  • A few words have been swapped out for synonyms but this does not actually introduce originality.

A bigger version of the asteroid belt, the Kuiper Belt is a cosmic junkyard, full of rubble believed to be left over from the formation of the solar system. But while the asteroid belt is made mostly of rock and metal, objects in the Kuiper Belt are composed largely of frozen water, ammonia and methane ("Two Years On").


The Break-down:

  • Even with a citation, there are no quotation marks around the words repeated verbatim.
  • A few words have been swapped out for synonyms but this does not actually introduce originality: it's still not your original though!

Works Cited Citation:

“Two Years On, the Kuiper Belt is in sight.” The Economist, 16 Sept. 2017, www.economist.com/science-and-technology/2017/09/16/two-years-on-the-kuiper-belt-is-in-sight.