For example, (Smith, 2009, 3:20).
You may also refer to a track number if citing an album, (Smith, 2009, track 11).
Hawks, H. (Director/Producer). (1946). The big sleep [Film]. Warner Home Video.
Lyons, B. (Producer), & Wood, M. (Writer/Director). (2004). In search of the Trojan war [Film]. Warner Home Video.
You don't need to specify how you watched a film (DVD, in theaters, etc), but you may add identifying version information inside the [Film] brackets.
Jackson, P. (Director). (2001). The lord of the rings: The fellowship of the ring [Film; four-disc special extended ed. on DVD]. Wing Nut Films; The Saul Zaentz Company.
BYU Library. (2018, January 22). Le skeleton [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/eWEeNI-uVrs
Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2016, September 30). How to diagram a sentence (absolute basics) [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/deiEY5Yq1q1
Hawks, H. (Director/Producer). (1940). His girl Friday [Film]. Kanopy. https://www.kanopy.com/product/his-girl-friday
Cite according to the format to which you're referring (i.e. for a sound recording if a recorded speech, to a print book if text of the speech is recorded in the book, etc).
King, M. L., Jr. (1963, August 28). I have a dream [Speech audio recording]. American Rhetoric. https://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkihaveadream.htm
Only include a url if that location is the only way of accessing a recording, e.g. an artist only on SoundCloud.
For in-text citations, include side and band or track numbers, e.g. (Ellington, 1926, track 2).
Bowie, D. (2016). Blackstar [Album]. Columbia.
Beyoncé. (2016). Formation [Song]. On Lemonade. Parkwood; Columbia.
Ellington, D. (2001). Mood indigo [Song recorded by Duke Ellington and the Cotton Club Orchestra]. On Duke Ellington: Masterpieces 1926-1949. Proper Records. (Original work published 1926)
The exact formatting of a citation for TED Talk varies slightly depending on where you viewed it.
Palmer, A. (2013, February). The art of asking [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/amanda_palmer_the_art_of_asking
TED. (2013, March 1). Amanda Palmer: The art of asking [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMj_P_6H69g
Lawrence, S. (Writer), & Ellis, S. (Director). (2018). Mrs. X at the Gaslight (Season 2, Episode 6) [TV series episode]. In A. Sherman-Palladino & D. Palladino (Executive Producers), The marvelous Mrs. Maisel. Dorothy Parker Drank Here Productions; Picrow; Amazon Studios.
Serling, R. (Writer), & Winston, R. (Director). (1960, March 4). The monsters are due on Maple Street (Season 1, Episode 22) [TV series episode]. In R. Serling (Executive Producer), The twilight zone. Cayuga Productions; CBS Productions.
Davies, R. T. (Executive Producer). (2005-2007). Doctor who [Television series]. BBC Broadcasting.
Cain, S. (2012). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can't stop talking (K. Mazur, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Random House Audio. http://bit.ly/2G0Bpbl
McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/national-geographic-magazine-50-years-of-covers/#/ngm-1985-jun-714.jpg
Sōtatsu, T. (1628). Waves at Matsushima [Painting]. The Smithsonian: Freer and Sackler Galleries, Washington, D.C. https://artsandculture.google.com/story/waves-of-matsushima/agJCtYlilE44LQ
Vedentam, S. (Host). (2019, October 21). What monkeys can teach us about being human [Audio podcast episode]. In Hidden brain. NPR. https://www.npr.org/2019/10/15/770430417/what-monkeys-can-teach-us-about-being-human
Weiser, J. (Host). (2019). Rip Van Winkle: Bad dad (No. 159) [Audio podcast episode]. In Myths & legends. https://dts.podtrac.com/redirect.mp3/traffic.libsyn.com/secure/mythpodcast/MaL_ep159.mp3
Vedentam, S. (Host). (2015-present). Hidden brain [Audio podcast episode]. NPR. https://www.npr.org/podcasts/510308/hidden-brain
Weiser, J. (Host). (2015-present). Myths & legends [Audio podcast]. https://www.mythpodcast.com/
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