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Citations: APA Style (7th ed.)

How to create a document and cite using the most recent edition of APA.

Court Cases

Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1-13 (1967).

Parenthetical: (Loving v. Virginia, 1967).
Narrative: In the case Loving v. Virginia (1967), ....


Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015).

Parenthetical: (Obergefell v. Hodges, 2015).
Narrative: In the case Obergefell v. Hodges (2015), ....

Copano Energy, LLC v. Bujnoch, 593 S.W.3d 721 (Tex. 2020).

Parenthetical citation: (Copano Energy, LLC v. Bujnoch, 2020).
Narrative citation: The Court ruled in Copano Energy, LLC v. Bujnoch (2020) that...


Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California, 17 Cal.3d 425, 131 Cal. Rptr. 14, 551 P.2d 334 (1976).

Parenthetical citation: (Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California, 1976).
Narrative citation: In the case Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California (1976), ....

Note:  The Tarasoff decision was reported* in three places, so all are included in the citation. They're usually reported together, so you shouldn't have to do additional research to find this info.

*Reported in the legal sense, where it's recorded -- not reported like in the news.


  • In-text citations: italicize the name of the case (parenthetical and narrative).
  • References list? No italics.

Government Reports

S. Rep. No. 113-288 (2014).

Parenthetical citation: (S. Rep. No. 113-288, 2014).
Narrative citation: In Senate Report No. 113-288 (2014), ...