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Citations: Chicago Style (17th ed.)

Guide to formatting and citing using the notes-bibliography format for Chicago Style, 17th. ed.

Manuscript Preparation

Margins, Indents

  • Leave uniform margins of at least 1 inch (2.54 cm.) at the top, bottom, left and right of every page.
  • Indent all paragraphs in the body of the paper 1/2". (Hit the Tab key once.)
  • Indent notes (footnotes or endnotes) 1/2" (first line indent, like a normal paragraph).
  • Use a hanging indent of 1/2" for Bibliography entries.
  • Block indent long quotations 1/2".


  • Double-space the body of the paper with no extra space between paragraphs.
  • Double-space block quotes.
  • Single-space each note (whether using endnotes or footnotes) and bibliography, but double-space between each entry.
  • Type only one space between words as well as following a period or a colon


  • Count title page as page one but do not put a number on it
  • Number subsequent pages in the top right-hand corner
  • Format note numbers as superscripts in the text

Fonts: CMS does not specify a particular font. We suggest you use a readable serif font, like Times New Roman, 12 pt.