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Citations: Chicago Style (17th ed.)

Guide to formatting and citing using the notes-bibliography format for Chicago Style, 17th. ed.

Manuscript Preparation


CMS does not specify a particular font. We suggest you use a readable serif font, like Times New Roman, 12 pt.

Margins, Indents

  • Leave uniform margins of at least 1 inch (2.54 cm.) at the top, bottom, left and right of every page.
  • Indent all paragraphs in the body of the paper 1/2". (Hit the Tab key once.)
  • Indent notes (footnotes or endnotes) 1/2" (first line indent, like a normal paragraph).
  • Use a hanging indent of 1/2" for Bibliography entries.
  • Block indent long quotations 1/2".


  • Double-space the body of the paper with no extra space between paragraphs.
  • Double-space block quotes.
  • Single-space each note (whether using endnotes or footnotes) and bibliography, but double-space between each entry.
  • Type only one space between words as well as following a period or a colon


  • Title page does not get a number, and it doesn't count in the numbering sequence
  • Page 2 (the first page of your paper) onward start numbering with 1


1. Title Page Format & Content

CMOS title pageAll title page elements will be centered. Go with size 12 Times New Roman font. There is no page number on the title page!

About a third of the way down the page, write your paper title.

Go down about another third and write:

Your Name

Class Number and Name


2. Paper Format & Content

CMOS sample pageIn-text citations will use footnotes, not parentheses (see formatting examples on the other pages of this guide).

Otherwise, proceed with your normal paper-writing style: indent paragraphs, organize your ideas, use good grammar, and so on.

The paper will be double-spaced throughout -- everything should be consistent and match everything else, from title page through bibliography.

3. Bibliography Formatting

  • CMOS sample bilbiography screenshotCenter the word "Bibliography" (without quotation marks) at the top of a new page
  • Continue with numbering of pages.    


Each bibliographic entry will be single-spaced with a double-space in between each entry. Use the hanging indent.

For examples, please refer to the other sections of this guide (Articles, E-Books & Books, etc).