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Rhetorical Argument

An introduction to the types of rhetorical arguments and related concepts.


An analysis paper is an examination of the elements of a paper; in an argument analysis paper, the writer examines the argument of the author, the evidence, and the conclusions in an article. The purpose of the paper is not to agree or disagree with the position the author takes in their argument, but rather to evaluate the argument made. When writing an argument analysis paper, consider the following:

  • Who is the author’s target audience?
  • What is their argument?
  • What supporting evidence does the author provide? Is it quantifiable or emotional?
  • What is the quality of the sources which they use as evidence?
  • Is the author making assumptions?
  • Does their evidence support their conclusions?

When analyzing an argument, you are scrutinizing the logic and structure the author uses to present their argument. You can suggest improvements to their argument and point out counterarguments, but ultimately your point in the analysis is to evaluate the logic and quality of the support they provide for their claim.

Being able to identify core components of an argument and analyze the effectiveness of an argument helps you to understand the components of an argument, judge arguments critically, and to write your own effective arguments.