Originally organized as Gay and Lesbian History Month, it was started in 1994 by an out, gay high school teacher, Rodney Wilson (LGBTQ Nation). In the United States, October is recognized as LGBT History Month, coinciding with National Coming out Day on Oct. 11 and in honor of the first March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights in 1979.
In the UK, February is used because that was the month a bill banning the "promotion" of homosexuality was repealed in 1988 (American Psychological Association).
Pride is a protest, a battle cry, whereas History Month is a celebration.
June -- LGBTQ+ Pride Month -- arose from remembrance and celebration of the Stonewall uprising. On June 28, 1969, police raided the Stonewall Inn gay bar in New York City, but the patrons resisted. The protest attracted thousands from around the city and lasted about a week. The first pride was celebrated on the one-year anniversary. ("Today in History - June 28," Library of Congress)
This, the first U.S. Gay Pride Week and March, was meant to give the community a chance to gather together to "...commemorate the Christopher Street Uprisings [Stonewall Inn] of last summer in which thousands of homosexuals went to the streets to demonstrate against centuries of abuse ... from government hostility to employment and housing discrimination, Mafia control of Gay bars, and anti-Homosexual laws" (Christopher Street Liberation Day Committee Fliers, Franklin Kameny Papers). ("About," Library of Congress)
Created by: Elaine Patton
First Published: October 2023