Step 1: Background Information. After you identify your research topic and some keywords that describe it, find and read articles in subject encyclopedias (not Wikipedia). Credo Reference (see link under Find Information tab) contains items that will help you understand the context (historical, cultural, disciplinary) of your topic. Background information is the foundation supporting further research. Class textbooks also provide definitions of terms and background information.
Step 2: Dig Deeper. Exploit the citations within background information articles to dig deeper into your subject. Bring the keywords to Academic Search Complete or JSTOR databases to develop your research further. At this stage ask questions of the information specialists (librarians) to be sure you are in the right resource and using effective research strategies.
Step 3: Note Taking. Take good notes as you read. You will save time if you take notes that are in your own words (paraphrasing).
Step 4: Create Citation. Locate citation tools within the databases to help you create MLA citations. You may be able to copy and paste the citations into your tentative "Works Cited" page. Be sure to check the accuracy with an expert source (see Writing & Citing tab).
Background sources may be news articles or encyclopedia summaries of concepts, people or events.