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Assignment | Criminology Research Proposal & Presentation (Phelps): APA Citations

SOCI 2336 | Prof. K. Phelps (Fall 2019)

Example APA Citations

With DOI

Vives-Cases, C., Torrubiano-Domínguez, J., & Álvarez-Dardet, C. (2009). The effect of television news items on intimate partner violence murders. European Journal of Public Health, 19(6), 592–596. DOI:10.1093/eurpub/ckp086

In-Text Citation example: ... (Vives-Cases, Torrubiano-Dominguez, & Alvarez-Dardet, 2009, p. 594).


Gleibs, I. H., Morton, T. A., Rabinovich, A., Haslam, S. A., & Helliwell, J. F. (2013). Unpacking the hedonic paradox: A dynamic analysis of the relationships between financial capital, social capital and life satisfaction. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52(1), 25–43. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8309.2011.02035.x

In-Text Citation example: ... (Gleibs, Morton, Rabinovich, Haslam, & Helliwell, 2013, p. 33).



Eisele, H., Zand, D. H., & Thomson, N. R. (2009). The role of sex, self-perception, and school bonding in predicting academic achievement among middle class African American early adolescents. Adolescence, 44(176), 773–796. Retrieved from

In-Text Citation example: ... (Eisele, Zand, & Thomson, 2009, p. 783).

Adler, F., Mueller, G., & Laufer, W. (2018). Criminology (9th ed.) [McGraw Hill Connect ebook]. Retrieved from

APA: Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief description of the source in which you basically justify why that source is one of your sources.

You will summarize the relevant information you're getting from that source (but remember, this isn't your paper -- you are summarizing, not presenting all the information itself) as well as how this well help you in your research (by providing background information, by exploring a certain angle, by presenting a contrary idea...).

Creating an annotated bibliography is not simply an academic exercise. An annotated bibliography is a tool to help you summarize your source content and evaluate its place within your research. If a source satisfies your "usefulness" criteria, that source belongs on your annotated bibliography. This process begins the transition from reading sources to incorporating content (ideas, quotes, paraphrasing) into your work. It is time to "make sense" of the knowledge you have gained from your research. This knowledge is the foundation on which to build your own voice, explain your methodology, discuss your conclusions, make and report on your new knowledge. 

Of course, evaluation of sources goes beyond "usefulness" to the other elements of authority, credibility, currency, and purpose.

Consulted Saylor Academy's open access course on research concepts and the writing process:  Research Writing in The Academic Disciplines. Annotated bibliographies have additional purposes that depend on the intent of the writer/researcher and the specific discipline.  
  1. Citation
  2. Annotation is a brief and concise statement about the source. Think in terms of a "note" consisting of 5-6 sentences.
  • One sentence to evaluate why the author is an expert on the topic(authority).
  • A sentence on the intended audience of the source (purpose).
  • A few sentences (perhaps a paraphrase) that explain how this source will illuminate your topic and how you will use the content in your paper (usefulness or relevance).
  • Any other criteria of note for this topic or discipline? 


APA Resources

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