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Citations: MLA Style (9th ed.)

A guide to writing and citing in MLA format.

General Info

An annotated bibliography is simply a Works Cited page in which each citation is followed by an annotation, or note, that describe or evaluate the source (or both).

What might you address in your annotation?

  • Summary: explain the main points of the work (what is the source's thesis?)
  • Authority: is the author qualified and/or has expertise in the content area?
  • Relevance: how valuable, effective, or useful was this source in your research?
  • Perspective: who is the intended audience of this source? what is the purpose of it? does there seem to be any bias?

How long should it be?

Generally, the annotation should be no more than a paragraph... unless your prof tells you otherwise. If you must write multiple paragraphs, each is indented, and all fit into the hanging indent.

How to write it?

Annotations are generally written as "succinct phrases" (incomplete sentences) but can also be given as complete sentences. Your prof probably expects the complete sentence version!

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