Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

# EDUC 1300: First Year Experience: APA Style

This guide provides additional resources to support EDUC 1300, and to introduce campus & library resources.

What is APA?

APA stands for the American Psychological Association, the leading scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States. Typically APA is used in the social sciences, although the format lends itself well to other disciplines.

Other styles you may have heard of are MLA, which is governed by the Modern Language Association and typically used in literature and humanities, or Chicago, governed by the University of Chicago Press and frequently used in history class. 

While the styles vary depending on the field they serve, each does serve the same purpose: to standardize writing and citations in order that readers and researchers may have an easier time reading and finding sources.


Citations within your paper are meant to direct the reader to your References page. Your References page is meant to direct your reader to your original sources. If you're struggling with how to cite something within your paper, remember to keep it as simple as possible, while directing the reader to your full source list.

For more information, see our full APA Citation Guide

Formatting Your Paper

If you are using Microsoft Word, many of the MLA parameters are the default setting. However, it's always a good idea to check.

Be sure your margins are 1" on all sides.

Be sure the font is Times New Roman, 12 pt. 

Be sure to double space.

Title page header: 

Header on all other pages: 

Highlights From APA Rules

Use a doi (digital object identifier) whenever possible. It is usually on the first page of an article.


Capitalize only the first word for article titles, book titles, subtitles, and chapter titles. Capitalize all significant words of a journal name. 


Authors' or editors' names are Surname, A. A. If the author has a suffix such as Jr., separate with a comma: Surname, A. A., Jr.


 Use the ampersand (&) sign rather than the word "and" before the last author's name in a list of up to six 


Paraphrased, author in text: Smith and Jones (2000) agree that the moon is made of green cheese.

Paraphrased: The moon is made of green cheese (Smith & Jones, 2000).

Direct quote: Experts agree “the moon is comprised of green cheese” (Smith & Jones, 2000, p. 134).

No author: Experts agree that “the moon is comprised of green cheese” (Moon analysis, 2008, p. 134). Up to 5 authors: “...green cheese” (Smith, Wilson, Jay, Kent, & Grey, 2000, p. 134).

6 or more authors: “...green cheese” (Smith, et al., 2000, p. 134).

Indirect/secondary citation: Hausinger’s study …. (as cited in Smith & Jones, 2000).

2 different authors: Several studies show… (Hausinger, 2013; Smith & Jones, 2000). 


Parenthetical references should immediately follow the quote, even in mid-sentence. [APA Table 6.1]

Sample Citations

Journal Article with DOI, print or electronic [APA 7.01.1]

Pampel, F. C. (2009). The persistence of educational disparities in smoking. Social Problems, 56, 526-542.

     doi:10.1525/sp.2009.56.3.526 


Electronic Journal Article, no DOI [APA 7.01.3]

Buist, A. E. (2008). Perinatal depression: Where are we in 2008? Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology: Innovations in Autism,

     4(1), 23-26. 


Basic Website Entry [APA 7.03]

Lange, D. (1936). Destitute peapickers in California. [Photograph]. Migrant Mother series (LC-USF34- 9058). Library of Congress,

     Washington, DC. Retrieved from Prints and Photographs division: http://lcweb2.loc.gov


Online Magazine Article [APA 7.01.8]

Farelly, E. (2008, March/April). Fear of not having had. Orion. Retrieved from http://www.orionmagazine.org