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ENGL 2327: American Literature I (Boston): Presentation Citations

Prof. Kristie Boston | ENGL 2327: American Literature through the Civil War (Fall 2021)

In-Slide Citations

When you write a paper, you include in-text citations to show where and how you've used used your research.

Do the same thing...but on your slides.

Keep in mind that there's no official "citation style for slides" -- designing a readable and aesthetically-effective slidedeck often takes precedence over strictly adhering to the usual formatting rules. Just make sure your attributions clearly relate to the information on the slide!

Oral Citation

  • As in writing, citations provide evidence that experts support your statements. This makes your speech credible. Oral citations give proof of well-researched content.
  • Cite your source whether you are quoting or paraphrasing. Protect yourself from PLAGIARISM always.
  • Include a slide at the end to list all the sources you used. It may even be helpful to provide a handout with these!
  • Give some variety to your oral citations: "According to...."  "This is supported by...."   "John Doe says...."   "As Jones states in his paper...." 
    • Don't forget to introduce the person the first time, though! "Psychologist Jane Doe has suggested... Doe also reports..."
    • Who should you namedrop?
      • If it's someone who did the original research and/or is an expert in the field, go for it.
      • Is it just a journalist reporting on what someone else did, and any news source could have given you similar info? Leave it as a parenthetical. At best, you'd state, "According to The New York Times..." with a little (Doe) parenthetical on your slide.