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Assignment | Annotated Bibliography (Pena): Types of Sources

Spring 2019 | ENGL 1302 | Prof. Pena

Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Sources

Information levels

Peer-reviewed articles (sometimes called refereed articles or generically called "scholarly" articles) are a very specific kind of source.

Characteristics of Scholarly Articles:

  • Expert authors formally trained & educated in their specific discipline
  • Extensive citations in a works cited list as well as in-text citations
  • Articles themselves tend to be lengthy and have long, precise titles
  • Purpose is to inform; therefore, they don't have flashy layouts or graphics
  • Published by educational or professional institutions

Simplified peer-review process

If an article is peer-reviewed, other experts in that field have critically reviewed the article for content (looking at the research process, the conclusions vs the evidence, and so on). They may make suggestions for revision before the article is allowed to be published.


What's a Database?

illustration of a question mark on fire (burning question)Psst -- what's a database?

In its most basic sense, a database Access only available off-campus with a 14-digit library barcode from LSCS is just a selection of information designed for you to search and retrieve stuff from it. Amazon is a database you're probably familiar with: it's limited (only contains things you can buy through them) and retrievable (you can search and filter your results to find what you're looking for).

The library databases contain reputable, reliable sources of information to support researchers like you! This means everything from digital encyclopedias (like Credo), ebooks, scholarly journal articles, magazine and newspaper articles, streaming videos, statistics, and more.

Information Sources Exist on a Spectrum

Reliability of sources

Evaluating Information

CRAAP test factors: Currency, Relevance, Accuracy, Authority, Purpose

The Three Rs

Is your source
Recent? Reliable? Relevant?

Is this source up-to-date? Is it about my topic, and does it go into enough depth? Does it come from an authoritative source? Is the information accurate (and are there citations given to back it up)? And why was this information written in the first place?

Related Guide