Fitzgerald, F. Scott. Tender is the Night. Scribner, 1995.
Twain, Mark. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court. E-book ed., Charles L. Webster & Co., 1889. Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/files/86/86-h/86-h.htm.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. First Avenue Editions, 2014. EBSCO eBook Collection, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=nlebk&AN=837982&site=ehost-live.
Similar to a movie, this citation can vary depending on who or what you're emphasizing in your analysis. If you're looking at the work as a whole (i.e. you're discussing a little bit of everything from plot to dialog to art and so on), you're going to start your citation with the title, not any of the creators.
Saga. By Brian K. Vaughn, illustrated by Fiona Staples, book 1, Image Comics, 2014.
Cite the excerpt/short story/article first, then give the information about where you found it (i.e. the book that reprinted it). Your in-text citation will not reflect any of the larger worker, however. Collections that contain the work of multiple authors (be it anthology or magazine or journal) are the only time you include page numbers in the Works Cited citation.
Arnold, H. F. "The Night Wire." Masterpieces of Terror and the Supernatural, edited by Marvin Kaye, Barnes & Noble ed., Barnes & Noble Books, 1993, pp. 328-334.
Cisneros, Sandra. Excerpt from Woman Hollering Creek. Norton Anthology of American Literature, edited by Robert S. Levine et al., shorter 9th ed., vol. 2, Norton, 2017, pp. 1613-1622.
Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Masque of the Red Death." The Complete Short Stories, MysteriousPress.com/Open Road, 2014. EBSCO eBook Collection, lscsproxy.lonestar.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=nlebk&AN=844566&site=ehost-live.
Hughes, Langston. "The Weary Blues." Poets.org, Academy of American Poets, poets.org/poem/weary-blues.
Dickinson, Emily. "He Fumbles at Your Spirit." Poems, Perseus Books, 1991. EBSCO eBook Collection, lscsproxy.lonestar.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=nlebk&AN=1023965&site=ehost-live.
If you're working from a copy of the script, follow these examples. If you watch a performance of the play (live or recorded), such as to comment on a particular interpretation or performance, that will look different. An unpublished script will look slightly different from the published script examples, but you probably won't be using any of those.
Miller, Arthur. Death of a Salesman. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2015.
Hughes, Langston, et al. Harvest. The Political Plays of Langston Hughes, introduction and analysis by Susan Duffy, 2000, pp. 68-137. EBSCO Ebook Collection, lscsproxy.lonestar.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=nlebk&AN=46326&site=ehost-live.
Who's the "author" of a film? "Films are collaborative works," says the MLA Style Center, so your citation will vary depending on your focus. Rather than a page number, you'll provide a timestamp for a specific scene you're discussing.
The Big Sleep. Directed by Howard Hawks, 1946. Warner Brothers, 2000. DVD.
Hawks, Howard, director. The Big Sleep. Warner Bros., 1946.
Similar to movies, your music citations will depend on how you listened to the song. It is not, strictly speaking, necessary to name in your citation a particular app you may have listened to the song through.
Odom, Leslie, Jr. "Wait For It." Hamilton (Original Broadway Cast Recording), written by Lin-Manuel Miranda, Atlantic, 2015.
Rube Bloom and His Bayou Boys. "Mysterious Mose." 1930. The Charleston Chasers Vol. 2 & New York Studio Groups (1928–1930), Timeless Records, 2001.
Hozier. Lyrics to “Dinner and Diatribes.” Genius, genius.com/Hozier-dinner-and-diatribes-lyrics.
Astaire, Fred. Lyrics to "Puttin' on the Ritz." MetroLyrics, www.metrolyrics.com/puttin-on-the-ritz-lyrics-fred-astaire.html. Accessed 29 Aug. 2020.
|Quote More of...||Paraphrase More of...|
|Your primary sources (i.e. the literature being analyzed)||Your secondary sources (i.e. the scholarly articles that discuss the literature, author, themes)|
Normally paraphrasing is preferred to quoting, generally speaking... but if you're doing a deep-dive on a piece of literature, you should be pulling quotes in a good deal. The above is a rule of thumb, not an exclusive dichotomy, of course. You can paraphrase and summarize your primary source, and there may be some really impactful analysis from your secondary sources that you want to quote!
This is what you're accustomed to doing: a relatively short quote, integrated into a sentence, with a citation at the end.
If your quote is over four (4) lines long, you'll need to format it as a blockquote. (Keep in mind that because this is a long quote, and formats to seem longer, there should be an inverse relationship between how many of these you use and the length of your paper. That is, the shorter your paper, the fewer of these you should have.)
If there is a page number or other parenthetical citation needed, include it at the end of the block quote, after the sentence is over (no period to the right of the parenthetical citation). The block quote should be indented half-an-inch from the left margin.
There was the doughty doughnut, the tender oly koek, and the crisp and crumbling cruller; sweet cakes and short cakes, ginger cakes and honey cakes, and the whole family of cakes. And then there were apple pies, and peach pies, and pumpkin pies; besides slices of ham and smoked beef; ... preserved plums, and peaches, and pears, and quinces; not to mention broiled shad and roasted chickens; together with bowls of milk and cream, all mingled higgledy-piggledy, ... (Irving)
Match whatever line formatting was used in the original. If your quote starts mid-line, you'll indent a little extra, offsetting the start of your quote further to the right to show this.
Dialog from a play will be set off block-quote style from your paper. Include the speaking character's name in all caps followed by a period, then the line. If a character's dialog runs longer than one line in your paper, indent the subsequent lines extra.
Like the other block quotes, include line or page information (if available) in parentheses after the last sentence of the quoted area.
OBERON. Ill met by moonlight, proud Titania.
TITANIA. What, jealous Oberon! Fairies, skip hence:
I have forsworn his bed and company.
OBERON. Tarry, rash wanton: am not I thy lord? (act 2, scene 1)