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ENGL 1301: Composition & Rhetoric I (Boston): MLA Citations

ENGL 1301 | Prof. K. Boston (Fall 2021)

Example Citations

Overall Book

Margolin, Jamie. Youth to Power: Your Voice and How to Use It. Hachette, 2020.

Parenthetical citation: (Margolin). (Margolin 45).
Narrative citation: Margolin urges the burgeoning activist to not be discouraged after a single meeting or when, despite their best efforts, the press doesn't pick up on an event (118; 134).


Interview in Book

Afzal, Hadiya. "Hadiya Afzal, Nineteen, She/Her." Interview by Jamie Margolin. Youth to Power: Your Voice and How to Use It. Hachette, 2020, pp. 119-20.

Parenthetical citation: (Afzal). (Afzal 119).
Narrative citation: In her interview, Hadiya Afzal says she's motivated by... (119).



Thunberg, Greta. "Foreword: This Book is Your Toolbox." Youth to Power: Your Voice and How to Use It, by Jamie Margolin, Hachette, 2020, pp. xiii-xviii.

Parenthetical citation: (Thunberg). (Thunberg xvi).


Hanc, John. "Young Activists Practice Their Pitches for Nonprofits." The New York Times, 10 Nov. 2010,

In-text citation: (Hanc).


"Who We Are." Zero Hour,

In-text citation: ("Who We Are").

Library Database

Vasquez, Tina. “Mock & Awe.” Bitch Magazine: Feminist Response to Pop Culture, no. 70, spring 2016, pp. 90–93. EBSCOhost,,cpid&custid=s1088435&db=a9h&AN=113219203&site=ehost-live.

In-text citation: (Vasquez). (Vasquez 91).
If you include the full citation as a caption with the image inside your paper, you can omit it from the Works Cited page.

Common Issues:

  • No known creator: skip it!
  • No official image title: make up a description as a stand-in. Do not add quotes or italics. Write like a sentence (mostly lower-case).
  • No date: skip it! (And don't use the overall copyright date for the entire site)

Wyeth, Andrew. Self-Portrait. 1945, National Academy Museum & School, New York. Google Arts & Culture,

Williams, John F. Photograph of a ship in a river. "Coming Soon to a Battlefield: Robots That Can Kill," by Zachary Fryer-Biggs, Sept. 2019. The Atlantic,

"Scissors and Trident. Gallo-Roman Civilization." Bridgeman Images: DeAgostini Library, edited by Bridgeman Images, 1st ed., 2014. Credo Reference,

  • Unless you're focusing specifically on the direction/writing/performance/cinematography/etc in your analysis, treat movies as no-author works (because they're so collaborative by so many people).

Desk Set. Directed by Walter Lang, Twentieth Century Fox, 1957. Netflix,

In-text citation: (Desk Set). (Desk Set 43:51-44:20).

Ice on Fire. Directed by Leila Conners, HBO Documentary Films, 2019. Kanopy,

In-text citation: (Ice on Fire). (Ice on Fire 14:56).
  • If a person's name is very different from their username, include both -- placing the username in brackets.
    • If you viewed a tweet through the app and can't see the url, you can skip the url but go ahead and include name and username as author (even if they're similar).
  • Use the tweet itself as the source title. If it's very long or ends with emojis, you can truncate with a ... (ellipsis). Otherwise reproduce the spelling and formatting of the original.

Margolin, Jamie. "August retail restocking season [->] Surging imports [->] More ocean shipping emissions & air pollution. Port communities across the nation bear the brunt of pollution...." Twitter, 17 Aug. 2021,

In-text citation: (Margolin).


Thoughts of Dog [@dog_feelings]. "gooooob morning. it is an excellent day. to accomplish some goals. i do not have any.  but you go ahead." Twitter, 12 July 2021,

In-text citation: (Thoughts of Dog).
Narrative citation: The tweet "gooooob morning. it is an excellent day. to accomplish some goals. i do not have any.  but you go ahead," by Thoughts of Dog (@dog_feelings), is truly inspirational.
  • You can truncate the image caption if it's long. If the image is more important (or there's not a caption), write a description instead. descriptions are not placed in quotes.
  • See also: Twitter tab of this box. If the name and username are very different from each other, include both in the citation.

thisiszerohour. "Turkey isn’t burning, it’s being burned by corporations and companies responsible for the climate crisis...." Instagram, 2 Aug. 2021,

In-text citation: (thisiszerohour)
Narrative citation: Zero Hour posted information about fires in Turkey (thisiszerohour).


thisiszerohour. Slideshow of positive environmental news from across the globe. Instagram, 14 Mar. 2021,

In-text citation: (thisiszerohour)


What if you were citing both of those posts with the same author?

You'd need to include some of the title to distinguish: (thisiszerohour Slideshow), (thisiszerohour "Turkey").

In-Text vs Works Cited Citations

Every time you refer to information that is not your original conclusion and is not common knowledge, you must give credit to where that information comes from. You will typically note in parentheses the author's/authors' names and relevant page number. This allows you to give credit without wasting excessive page space or disrupting the flow of the paper.


Connecting the in-text citation with your works cited page: author's name in-text connects with the first author listed on the works cited

If an article doesn't have an author, your Works Cited citation will start with the article title, and your in-text citation will reflect that. It's all about making it easy for your reader to make a one-to-one connection by just skimming down the left edge of the Works Cited page.

Example of in-text vs Works Cited, when there's no author: the first few words of the article title form the connection instead of an author's name